organ for metconazole toxicity. 90-day oral toxicity studies in rat and mouse showed similar effects, with hisotpathological changes again demonstrating that the liver is the primary target organ for metconazole. A 90-day oral toxicity study in dogs showed a decrease in food consumption at 600 ppm in females, and at 6000 ppm i PLEXEO contains metconazole for the control of a wide range of diseases in winter and spring wheat, winter and spring barley, triticale, rye. PLEXEO 60 Product Label.pdf (152.65 KB) PLEXEO Safety Data Sheet (364.69 KB Librax contains metconazole, a DMI fungicide. Resistance to some DMI fungicides has been identified in Septoria leaf blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola) which may seriously affect the performance of some products. For further advice on resistance management in DMIs contact your agronomist or specialist advisor and visit the FRAG-UK website
metconazole Component of Headline Amp propiconazole Tilt, multiple generics and component in premix tebuconazole Folicur, multiple generics and component in premix tetraconazole Fungicides are classified according to their mode of action, or numeric FRAC code. The list of FRAC codes was developed by the Fungicide Resistance Action Committee. Fungicide is metconazole, a broad-spectrum triazole fungicide that works by inhibiting demethylation and other processes in sterol biosynthesisTourney Fungi .-cide is systemic and is quickly absorbed into plant tis-sue .Tourney Fungicide displays preventative and cura-tive properties . Tourney Fungicide may be used for disease control i Compared with the fungicides carbendazim and phenamacril currently used in China, metconazole exhibits a better efficacy for FHB control, DON production, and grain yields, and dramatically reduces use dosages of chemical compounds in the field the DMI triazole fungicides metconazole and tebuconazole. Isolates of F. graminearum collected from wheat between 1981 and 2014 were tested for fungicide sensitivity using mycelial growth assays to determine the effective concentration at which 50% of fungal growth was inhibited (EC 50). A total of 45 isolate Caramba ® 90. Caramba. 90. Caramba® 90 is a broad spectrum fungicide with curative and protectant activity, which can be used on all commercial varieties of winter and spring wheat, durum wheat, winter and spring barley, triticale and rye. Caramba® 90 can also be used on oilseed rape, field beans, combining and vining peas and lupins
Caramba® fungicide. BASF Ag Products METCONAZOLE 7969-246. State Availability Yes No Not Specified This information is for reference only. It is the responsibility of the user to verify the product is registered and appropriate for use in a given state. Metconazole (MEZ) is a lipophilic, highly active triazole fungicide that acts by inhibiting ergosterol biosynthesis, and it has been registered in more than 40 countries worldwide (Sampson et al., 1995) This is a list of fungicides.Chemical compounds used to kill fungus include
Metconazole can provide this. It is used to produce an efficient flower canopy, reduce lodging and increase rooting, substantiated by extensive independent trials information. Metconazole is a fungicide registered for control of foliar diseases of oilseed rape. However it is also has strong growth regulation properties As well as rates and timing of fertilizers, the use of metconazole-based fungicides can significantly influence a crop's development Tourney Fungicide Metconazole - 5 Lb is formulated as 50% water dispersible granular (WDG) that is systemic and is quickly absorbed into plant tissue as preventive and curative properties. Tourney Fungicide is a broad spectrum triazole fungicide that works by inhibiting demethylation and other processes in sterol biosynthesis Metconazole affects the liver, kidney, spleen, and various blood parameters at various dose levels across species. Specifically, in the mouse, rat, and dog, liver toxicity was seen after oral exposure in both subchronic and chronic exposures . 100 gallons of spray mix will treat 20,000 square feet of area when using a typical high volume sprayer. If using a low volume sprayer, adjust concentration to apply the same amount of product per unit area. LILAC POWDERY MILDEW CONTRO
Mepanypyrim D1: AP fungicides 9 anilino-pyrimidine Mepronil C2: SDHI 7 phenyl-benzamide Meptyldinocap C5 29 dinitrophenyl crotonate Metalaxyl A1: Phenylamide 4 acylalanine Metalaxyl-M (= Mefenoxam) A1: Phenylamide 4 acylalanine Metominostrobin C3: QoI 11 oximino-acetamide Metconazole G1: DMI (SBI class 1) 3 triazol The conclusion was reached on the basis of the evaluation of the representative uses as fungicide as proposed by the applicant which comprises broadcast spraying to control foliar and ear diseases in cereals and oilseed rape at application rate up to 90 g metconazole per hectare. Metconazole can be used only as fungicide metconazole fungicide applied alone and in mixture with a strobilurin fungicide in supressing FHB and reducing trichothecene mycotoxin levels across different cultivars; 2) determine whether the fungicide effect is influenced by the resistance level of the cultivar Fungicide Efficacy for Control of Corn Diseases - January 2021 Management of Corn Diseases This fungicide efficacy chart was adapted Metconazole 5.1% Headline AMP 1.68 SC 10.0 - 14.4 U E E E VG G G-VG 20 days 3 11 Trifloxystrobin 32.3% Prothioconazole 10.8% Stratego YLD 4.18 S Metconazole is an agricultural fungicide that is used in more than 30 countries around the world on a variety of crops, including wheat and oil seed rape. Similarly, Ipconazole is an agricultural fungicide that is highly valued for its capacity to disinfect seeds in rice plants
DISEASE NAME FUNGICIDE NAMES 1 / FRAC # 2 TIMING INTERVALS 3 Red Thread (continued) Bayleton (triademefon) / 3 21 - 28 Banner (propiconazole) / 3 21 -28 Insignia (pyraclostrobin) / 11 14 - 28 Fame/Disarm (fluoxastrobin) / 11 14 - 28 Trinity (triticonazole) / 3 14 - 28 Tourney (metconazole) / 3 14 Triton (triticonazole) / 3 14 - 28 Lexicon (pyraclostrobin + fluxapyroxad) / 11, 7 14 - 2 Seven fungicide mixtures (epoxiconazol + metconazole, boscalid + epoxiconazole, pyraclostrobin + epoxiconazole, prothioconazole + tebuconazole, picoxistrobin + cyproconazole, azoxystrobin + cyproconazole and spiroxamine + tebuconazole + triadimenol) were evaluated for control of net blotch of barley caused by Drechslera teres, as well as yiel
Fungicide Efficacy for Control of Wheat Diseases (2017 Final) Metconazole 8.6% Caramba 0.75 SL 10.0 - 17.0 VG VG -- VG E E E G 30 days Tebuconazole 38.7% Folicur 3.6 F5 4.0 NL NL NL NL E E E F 30 days Prothioconazole 41% Proline 480 SC 5.0 - 5.7 -- VG VG VG VG VG VG G 30 days. Alternate Names: 5- (4-Chlorophenylmethyl)-2,2-dimethyl-1- (1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl)cyclopentanol. Application: Metconazole is a fungicide. CAS Number: 125116-23-6. Molecular Weight: 319.83. Molecular Formula: C 17 H 22 ClN 3 O. Supplemental Information: This is classified as a Dangerous Good for transport and may be subject to additional. Brumby. ®. 480 SC Fungicide. Brumby 480 SC Fungicide is a new fungicide for use in peanut crops against key leaf diseases. The introduction of Brumby brings much needed innovation to Australian peanut growers for control of early leaf spot, late leaf spot and rust diseases. For Australian peanut growers, Brumby offers the most potent activity.  MetconaZole is a fungicide With great fungicidal activity. It is typically formulated as a Water dispersible gran ule (WG) or as a suspension concentrate. The WG formula tion is typically made With inert compounds that have little adjuvancy and can be dif?cult to make bioavailable to groW ing crops. Furthermore, because MetconaZole stays. ing information about fungicide efficacy for the control of certain foliar diseases of wheat for use by the grain production industry in the United States. The efficacy ratings for each fungicide . listed in this table were determined by field testing the materials over multiple years and locations by the members of the committee
Metconazole 3 Tourney Chemical Family: Strobilurins Azoxystrobin 11 Heritage specific systemic (upward) high First product available in 1997. The chemical structures The purpose of FRAC is to provide fungicide resistance management guidelines to prolong the effectiveness of at risk fungicides and t Fungicides listed for use on Pumpkin Diseases in Mississippi, July 2016; Efficacy is from the Southeastern U.S. Vegetable Crop Handbook; Alan Henn MSU, 662.769.9880 Trade name Common name(s) of active ingredient(s) FRAC code EPA number ACTIGARD 50WG PLANT ACTIVATOR acibenzolar P1 ND ND 100-92 Metconazole Fungicide Metconazole 50 WDG Valent Blueberry May, 2012 November, 2011 Abamectin Insecticide Agri-Mek SC Agri-Mek EC Epi-Mek 0.15 EC Syngenta Crop Protection Caneberry Green Onion Reviewing Final Labels May, 2016 . 6 . Active Joint Review Submission Material Safety Data Sheet Quash Fungicide 1. CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION PRODUCT NAME: Quash Fungicide EPA REGISTRATION NUMBER: 59639-147 PRODUCT CODE: 61700 VC NUMBER(S): 1585 SYNONYM(S): V-10116 50 WDG, Metconazole 50 WDG, Tourney Fungicide MSDS Location: The current MSDS is available through our website or by calling the product information numbers listed above
TourneyÒ Fungicide Page 6 of 9 SUBCHRONIC: Subchronic (28 to 90 days) studies of Metconazole Fungicide Technical in rodents and dogs reported decreased body weights, fatty vacuolation and hypertrophy of the liver, reduced RBC parameters, increased serum liver enzyme levels, and increased spleen and liver weights In a 2-year study in rats, Metconazole Fungicide Technical produced histological changes in the liver, kidney and adrenal and possibly leukemia. The NOEL for this study was 4.8 mg/kg/day. In an 18-month mouse study, increased white blood cell count, increased serum liver enzymes increased liver weights, histopathological changes in.
X. 50 bu/A. X. $15.00/bu. Table 4B. The formulas below can be used to help determine the potential value of a fungicide application. This is a simple cost-benefit evaluation where the yield potential, the price of a bushel of wheat, and the cost of a fungicide can all be easily adjusted. Grain production scenario nonstrobilurin products to avoid fungicide resistance. See label. chlorothalonil + propiconazole (Concert II) 22 - 35 fl oz/100 gal foliar spray Every 14 to 21 days See label for additional details metconazole (Tourney) 1 to 4 oz/100 gal foliar spray Repeat in 14 to 28 days when conditions favor disease. myclobutanil (Eagle) 40 WS 3 metconazole Quash 3 propiconazole Orbit, Bumper, Propimax, Tilt 3 tebuconazole Folicur, Monsoon, Orius, Tebuzol, Toledo 3 tetraconazole Andiamo, Domark 3 mefentrifluconazole Cevya 11 azoxystrobin Abound, Azaka 11 kresoxim-methyl Sovran, Narvos 11 pyraclostrobin Headline 11 picoxystrobin Aproach 30 triphenyltin hydroxide (TPTH) Super Tin; Agri Ti Fungicides are types of pesticides that control fungal diseases by inhibiting or killing the fungus causing the disease. When we talk about weeds, we think of herbicides, same also for bacteria and rodents, we talk about bactericides and rodenticides respectively.Fungi are small microscopic non-green living organisms; they are highly prolific as they produce a large number of spores; this. Tourney Fungicide is formulated as 50% water dispers-ible granular (WDG). The active ingredient in Tourney Fungicide is metconazole, a broad spectrum triazole fungicide that works by inhibiting demethylation and other processes in sterol biosynthesis. Tourney Fun-gicide is systemic and is quickly absorbed into plant tissue
Metconazole has a different mode of action to the other tested fungicides which may account for this observation. Metconazole is a DMI fungicide that is an inhibitor of C-14훼 demethylase, which mainly inhibits the ergosterol biosynthesis of phytopathogenic fungi (Duan et al. 2019; Kumazawa et al. 2000; Liu et al. 2020) Oat fungicide trial at MSU U.P. Research Center in Chatham, Mich. Taken July 18, 2012. The small plots at Chatham, Mich., were treated at mid-flowering with either Twinline (pyraclostrobin + metconazole) or Caramba (metconazole), or not sprayed with fungicide (control) METCONAZOLE A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of the North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied Science By Gazala Ameen In Partial Fulfillment for the Degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Major Department: Canada to metconazole in fungicide METCONAZOLE Report of the Cancer Assessment Review Committee. PC Code: 125619 TXR No.: 0054211. Document (PDF) (1655 KB PDF). April 19, 2006. Memorandum. 24 Pages. Barry O'Keefe et al. Registration Action Branch 3. Metconazole Human Health Risk Assessments for the Section 18 Request for Control of Soybean Rust on Soybeans. PC Code: 125619
Agrochemicals major Rallis India Ltd (RIL), part of the Tata Group, has tied up with Kureha Chemical Ltd, a leading Japanese company for a Metconazole fungicide plant. The move comes close on the. Metconazole, (1RS, 5RS; 1RS, 5SR)‐5‐(4‐chlorobenzyl)‐2,2‐dimethyl‐1‐(1H‐1,2,4‐triazol‐1‐ylmethyl)cyclopentanol, is a highly active fungicide, in particular controlling seed‐borne and foliar diseases of cereals, such as wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and barley (Hordeum vulgare L.). In order to maximize its foliar activity, an experimental survey of some types of. Tourney® Fungicide FUNGICIDE WATER DISPERSIBLE GRANULE COMMERCIAL For control of certain diseases in turfgrass on golf courses and sod farms. The active ingredient in Tourney is metconazole, a broad-spectrum triazole fungicide that works by inhibiting demethylation and other processes in sterol biosynthesis
The triazole plant protection fungicides include epoxiconazole, triadimenol , propiconazole, prothioconazole, metconazole, cyproconazole, tebuconazole, flusilazole and paclobutrazol. Paclobutrazol, uniconazole, flutriafol , and triadimefon are used as plant growth retardants. Brassinazole is Brassinosteroid Biosynthesis Inhibitor Metconazole and triticonazole were dissolved in sterile distilled water to obtain stock solution of 100µg mL-1. which was further diluted to 10, 1, 0.1, and 0.01µg mL-1. Each concentration of each fungicide was incorporated into autoclaved media. The effect of the fungicide on mycelial growth in vitro was determined on HPDA medi
Fungicide Tri-pak. The Fungicide Tri-pak comes standard on every unit of Seedex seed. Metlock + Rizolex + Kabina = Multiple Modes of Action. Metlock (Metconazole) seed treatment provides contact and systemic control, with inside-out protection against sugarbeet diseases, including Rhizoctonia.; Rizolex (Toclofos-Methyl) is a contact fungicide seed treatment for unrivaled protection. Universities have recommended using group 3 fungicides Prosaro (prothioconazole plus tebuconazole) or Caramba (metconazole) applied at early anthesis (Feekes 10.5.1 or flowering) or within the first six days after flowering to combat Fusarium head blight
Metconazole is among the demethylation inhibitor (DMI) fungicides with a higher inhibitory activity on the mycelial growth of F. graminearum. In 2016 and 2017, 119 single spore isolates of F. graminearum, prior to being exposed to metconazole, were recovered from 52 wheat fields near 11 cities in Henan Province US20110070278A1 US12/888,244 US88824410A US2011070278A1 US 20110070278 A1 US20110070278 A1 US 20110070278A1 US 88824410 A US88824410 A US 88824410A US 2011070278 A1 US2011070278 A1 US 2011070278A1 Authority US United States Prior art keywords weight metconazole composition circumflex over solvent Prior art date 2009-09-22 Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal. The mixture of metconazole and phenamacril at ratios of 2:3 and 1:2 showed the greatest efficacy for FHB control, DON production, and grain yields among all the fungicide treatments but its use dosages were higher in comparison with metconazole alone Published April, 2021. The North Central Regional Committee on Management of Small Grain Diseases (NCERA-184) has developed the following information on fungicide efficacy for control of certain foliar diseases of wheat for use by the grain production industry in the U.S
Residual patterns of fungicides fludioxonil and metconazole in different parts of wheat Korean J Pestic Sci , 20 ( 2016 ) , pp. 341 - 348 , 10.7585/kjps.2016.20.4.341 CrossRef View Record in Scopus Google Schola Fungicide Active Ingredients Market Report provides access to the research methodology, industry analysis, value chain analysis and market analysis by product, application & geography for the Fungicide Active Ingredients industry worldwide. The market size in terms of revenue (USD MN) is calculated and provided for the study period along with the dynamics of the market such as the drivers and. Metconazole was registered as Tourney 50WDG in the United States in 2007 as a turf fungicide. In 2010, uses for ornamental horticulture plants in greenhouse, nurseries, and landscapes were added. The commercial label contains a list of 49 woody ornamental plants exhibiting no or minimal injury Effects of the fungicides Caramba (metconazole) and Cantus (boscalid) on oilseed rape diseases Paul, V.H. 1); Liu, Yong 1,2), Dapprich, P. D. 1), and Rose, S. 1) 1Laboratory for Biotechnology and Quality Assurance, Department of Agriculture, Fachhochschule Südwestfalen / University of Applied Sciences. 59494 Soest, German
Listed below are common and trade names of select fungicides currently registered in the United States representing the major fungicide groups and chemistry within these groups (chemical group), plus the mobility, activity, and risk of resistance developing to these fungicides. metconazole Quash myclobutanil Eagle, Rally propiconazole. 57 FUNGICIDES MODE OF ACTION TABLE FRAC GROUP MODE OF ACTION CHEMICAL FAMILY (GROUP) ACTIVE INGREDIENTS 19 Cell wall synthesis peptidyl pyrimidine nucleoside polyoxin 21 Respiration cyanoimidazole cyazofamid 22 Cell division zoxamide 24 Protein synthesis kasugamycin 25 Protein synthesis streptomycin 27 Unkown cymoxanil 28 Cell membrane permeability propamocar Fungicides are pesticides that specifically inhibit or kill fungi underlying diseases important to man. Understanding mechanisms of fungicide action and toxicity is important because humans and domesticated animals encounter these pesticides through a wide variety of applications. In agriculture, fungicides are used to protect tubers, fruits. Conclusion regarding the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance metconazole. Published: 22 February 2006. Approved: 13 January 2006. on the Wiley Online Library Keywords: metconazole peer review, risk assessment, pesticide, fungicide. Last updated: 21 February 2006. Abstract . No abstract available. Additional.
The fungicide treatments were application of Headline® AMP (pyraclostrobin and metconazole; BASF Corporation; 10 fl oz/acre). Two fungicide timings were compared for each hail event at approximately VT and R2: 1) Immediate applications were sprayed 2-6 days (averaging 3 days) after a simulated hail event and 2) Deferred. metconazole myclobutanil penconazole propiconazole prothioconazole simeconazole tebuconazole tetraconazole triadimefon triadimenol triticonazole There are great differences in the activity spectra of the different DMI fungicides. Resistance is known in various fungal species. Several resistance mechanisms known incl. target site mutation Y136F
of fungicide residues in wheat were acceptable, with recoveries of 84.3 to 113.3% and correlation coefficients of 0.1 to 4.7%. Due to the systemic characteristics, the residual amounts of metconazole in the grain part o Effect of Metconazole on Disease Control and Yield in Potatoes J.S. Miller, T. W. Taysom, C. Clayton, T. D. Miller, and D. S. Anderson, Miller Research A. Walston, L. Welch, Valent USA Figure 1. Effect of fungicide on early blight severity (%). Four applications on a 14-day interval. Figure 2. Effect of fungicide on total yield (cwt/acre)
Metconazole Fungicide Metconazole 50 WDG Valent Blueberry Acibenzolar Insecticide Actigard 50 WG Syngenta Strawberry Halosulfuron Herbicide N-3061 Sandea Herbicide Canyon Group LLC Caneberry Abamectin Insecticide Agri-Mek SC Agri-Mek EC Epi-Mek 0.15 EC Syngenta Crop Protection Caneberry. Headline AMP Fungicide - 2.5 Gallons is a broad-spectrum fungicide contaning 2 active ingredients, Pyraclostrobin and Metconazole, that provides systemic, curative and long-lasting residual control disease. Headline AMP Fungicide delivers more bushels of corn than any other fungicide by enabling corn to grow more efficiently, resulting in maximum grain production Resistance to fungicides is a normal phenomenon embodied in the natural process of the evolution of biological systems. By close co-operation of the agrochemical industry and researchers, advisers and growers we can ensure that fungicides are used optimally and continue to offer the benefits they currently confer The mixture of metconazole and phenamacril at ratios of 2:3 and 1:2 showed the greatest efficacy for FHB control, DON production, and grain yields among all the fungicide treatments but its use dosages were higher in comparison with metconazole alone Quash® Fungicide: Broad Spectrum Efficacy Against Blueberry Diseases Quash® Fungicide is a highly effective rotational tool that delivers proven, broad spectrum performance for a planned rotation program. Broad spectrum performance—highly effective on Mummy berry, fruit rots and more Preventive protection for when diseases strik
The efficacy of metconazole was the most consistent in their study. 22) Yoshida et al. showed that the application timing of the fungicide, thiophanate-methyl, differentially affected FHB and mycotoxin concentrations, and also suggested that application timing around 20 DAA (the milking stage) was crucial for preventing mycotoxin contamination. 13 tebuconazole, metconazole, and prothioconazole fungicides Gursahib Singh. • Fungicide use should be based on IPM program that includes scouting and cultural control practices. Risk Management Strategies. Acknowledgements. Academic & Research Supervisor . Dr. Randy Kutcher
metconazole Tourney myclobutanil Eagle, Systhane WSP, Myclobutanil 20EQ T&O penthiopyrad Velista 50WDG polyoxin D Affirm WDG, Endorse WP Scotts Proturf Fungicide 7, Accost 1G, Granular Turf Fungicide, Strike 25WP triadimefon + metalaxyl Scotts Fluid Fungicide I Fungicides'don'tprotectagainstbacteriaor'viruses.' metconazole (7.4%) & pyraclostrobin (12%) Broad spectrum foliar disease control prior to flag leaf emergence Strobilurin may result in an increase in DON toxin if applied after spike emergence Metconazole (Caramba), Metconazole + Pyraclostrobin co-pack (Headline-Cararnba), Metconazole + PyracIostrobin prernix (Operetta),FIusilazole (Punch), continuing comparative fungicide efficacy trials being conducted in Africa and South America under USDA, ARS direction, the following products are listed as candidates.. Frequency distribution of log EC 50 values for sensitivity to epoxiconazole (a) and sensitivity to metconazole (b) from collections of Zymoseptoria tritici sampled from each of the six sites before fungicide application (Pre-T), illustrated with box and whisker plots. The line through the box represents the median; the crosses represent outliers
In addition to their fungicidal activity, many triazole fungicides function as plant regulators, which might impose adverse effects on the growth and development of crops. For chiral triazole fungicides, these effects can be alleviated by applying stereoisomers with high fungicidal and low regulator activities. This study investigated the stereoselectivity of four stereoisomers and the. Seven fungicides were compared to an untreated control treatment. An index was developed to measure disease severity over time - as the index increased, disease increased. Seed yield (kg/ha) was adjusted to 18% moisture and return on investment ($/ha) accounted for the fungicide and application costs, with all other costs assumed to be the same Use an effective fungicide. These include: metconazole (Caramba®), prothioconazole + tebuconazole (Prosaro®), prothioconazole (Proline®), and adepidyn (Miravis Ace®). Apply an effective fungicide at the correct time. The most effective application window is from flowering (anthesis; Feeks 10.5.1) + 6 days after
2 - < 25% Spraying plants with fungicide metconazole did not re- 3 - 25-50% duce leaf and stem infection caused by L. biglobosa in 2006 of infected stem section area 4 - 50-75% (see results for treated and untreated plots) (Table 3). 5 - 75-90% Interaction of adjuvants, nozzles type and volume wa- 6 - 90-100% ter had no effect. HEADLINE AMP FUNGICIDE Recommended use of the chemical and restriction on use Recommended use*: fungicide 125116-23-6 5.14 % Metconazole According to Controlled Products Regulations (CPR) (SOR/88-66) CAS Number Weight % Chemical name 175013-18- < 15.0% pyraclostrobi The fungicides compared were tebuconazole, propiconazole, and metconazole. We used % increase in attacks, as calculated above, for each counting interval to compare among fungicide treatments. Significant differences in % new attacks for the fungicides were assessed by nonparametric ANOVA and significant differences were evaluated using the. Librax metconazole + fluxapyroxad ( ) Unizeb Gold mancozeb ( ) *Arizona at 100% dose only ( ) = not in trials in 2020 **no longer approved. Septoria eradicant 2020 (4 trials) 0 5 10 15 20 25 fungicide with an alternative mode of action that has efficacy against the target disease. Yellow rust 2018-20 (4 trials) 0 5 10 15 20 2 Here, three fungicides (metconazole, thiophanate-methyl, and iprodione) were mixed with water stabilized at three pH levels (pH = 5.0, 7.0, and 9.0) in in vitro and field experiments. A time factor was also considered (i.e., the time between mixing and application, where T0 indicated that the fungicides were applied immediately after mixing and. Fungicides included in brown or yellow rust trialsFungicides included in brown or yellow rust trials Brutus epoxiconazole + metconazole Comet200 pyraclostrobin Firefly prothioconazole + fluoxastrobin Opus epoxiconazole Proline prothioconazole Tracker epoxiconazole + boscalid Previous Years Amistar azoxystrobin Fandango prothioconazole.