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Thalamic pain syndrome USMLE

Thalamic Pain Syndrome - PubMe

  1. Thalamic pain syndrome is an unfortunate outcome following a cerebrovascular accident (CVA). The pain experienced by the patient is centralized, neuropathic, and is associated with temperature changes. Patients will often suffer from hyperalgesia and allodynia. The prevalence of thalamic pain syndro
  2. * Re:thalamic pain syndrome???? #2960711 : radhasoami - 09/24/13 16:19 : so its nt cerebellar ataxia they are talking abt parul. then its fine :) i thot of ant cerebellar ataxi
  3. Thalamic pain syndrome is a chronic and disability neuropathic pain disorder seen following a cerebrovascular accident of the thalamus. This activity reviews the evaluation, and treatment evaluation of thalamic pain syndrome highlights the role of the interprofessional team in improving care for patients with this condition
  4. Dejerine-Roussy syndrome or thalamic pain syndrome is a condition developed after a thalamic stroke, a stroke causing damage to the thalamus. Ischemic strokes and hemorrhagic strokes can cause lesioning in the thalamus. [citation needed] As initial stroke symptoms (numbness and tingling) dissipate, an imbalance in sensation causes these later syndromes, characterizing Dejerine-Roussy syndrome
  5. An occlusion of the lenticulostriate branches of the middle cerebral artery. An occlusion of the posterior thalamoperforating artery results in the thalamic syndrome. Student doctor, what are the three primary clinical features of the thalamic syndrome

Central post-stroke pain, also known as Dejerine Roussy syndrome or thalamic pain syndrome, is a rare central neuropathic pain syndrome occurs after infarction of the ventroposterolateral thalamus Thalamic pain is a severe, treatment-resistant pain syndrome. The pain is often described as burning or constrictive and is frequently accompanied by evoked pain (allodynia/hyperalgesia), paresthesias, or summation hyperpathia. 1 E for Geniculate Bodies E for: Eyes and Ear The cause of Thalamic Syndrome is predominantly related to stroke in the region of the thalamus (a part of the brain). The causative factor could either be a bleeding episode (hemorrhagic stroke), or a blood clot (ischemic stroke) in the thalamic blood vessel Central post-stroke pain syndrome. Neuropathic pain due to thalamic lesions. Initial paresthesias followed in weeks to months by allodynia (ordinarily painless stimuli cause pain) and dysesthesia on the contralateral side. FF-USMLE-Opthalmology. 46 terms. mohdnmansour Circle of Willis. A 59-year-old male presents with sensory changes on the right side of his face, left side of his body, and dizziness. He also reports some trouble with swallowing, and his wife noticed that his voice sounds hoarse. Past medical history is significant for hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus

thalamic pain syndrome???? - USMLE Foru

Thalamic Pain Syndrome Articl

• Thalamus, hypothalamus, epithalamus, subthalamus. Thalamic Pain Syndrome: • Burning or aching pain on contralateral side of body. • Increased activity of ventral posterolateral (VPL) and increased sensitivity to pain. • Loss of contralateral vibratory sense, and gait ataxia. Hypothalamus Nuclei: Paraventricular and Supraoptic thalamic pain syndrome (abnormal sensation of pain, temperature, touch, and proprioception) and cortical blindness (with normal dilation and constriction of pupils in response to light Summary The ventral posteromedial nucleus, or the VPM nucleus for short, is a nucleus located in the thalamus of the brain. As a thalamic relay, the VPM nucleus receives sensory information from the face, from the trigeminal and taste or gustatory pathways. The VPM nucleus then sends this information to the primary somatosensory cortex for further processing Lacunar stroke syndrome (LACS) is a description of the clinical syndrome that results from a lacunar infarct. Each of the five classical lacunar syndromes has a relatively distinct symptom complex. Symptoms may occur suddenly, progressively, or in a fluctuating manner (e.g. the capsular warning syndrome, see transient ischemic attack).. Unlike cortical strokes, patients with lacunar stroke.

Children with thalamic gliomas usually develop their first symptoms when the tumor begins to compress the adjoining ventricle, resulting in a blockage of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This phenomenon, which most commonly causes headache and vomiting, is referred to as hydrocephalus and warrants emergency attention Introduction. Wernicke-Korsakoff (WK) syndrome. secondary to thiamine (B1) deficiency. bilateral necrosis of the mammillary bodies. dorsal medial nucleus of the thalamus is also involved. triad: confusion (encephalopathy), ataxia, ophthalmoplegia. complete triad not always present. occurs in ~30% of cases. cannot rule out WK on absence of triad Dejerine-roussy syndrome or thalamic pain syndrome is also referred to as Central Pain Syndrome (CPS). It is a very rare neurological condition in which a stroke to the part of the human brain which controls sensation ie., thalamus, results in excessive pain in response to reduced sensation or mild stimulation. Know the causes, symptoms, treatment, prognosis, complications of Dejerine-roussy. Thalamic pain syndrome, also known as Déjerine-Roussy syndrome, was first described in 1903. Its main characteristics are various signs and symptoms. Tingling sensations and numbness in parts of the body, loss of tactile sensation or hypersensitivity to environmental stimuli, total or partial paralysis, and involuntary movements among them • Thalamus: causes thalamic syndrome - burning and stabbing sensation on the opposite side of the body. What happens during: • Anterior dislocation of the humerus: right shoulder pain, flattened deltoid muscle, numbness

Dejerine-Roussy syndrome - Wikipedi

USMLE Step 1 Review 26 02 Thalamus - USMLE Review Audio Serie

We studied 25 patients with an acute thalamic stroke (infarct or hemorrhage) on CT or MRI scan and sensory dysfunction, among the 3,628 patients with first-time stroke included in the Lausanne Stroke Registry. Twelve patients had a right-sided infarct, 11 a left-sided infarct, and 2 a left-sided tha The pupil is an opening in the center of the iris through which light enters the eye. Pupillary size can vary in response to light intensity and neurologic stimuli. Increasing brightness causes pup.. Symptoms and signs of internal capsule stroke include weakness of the face, arm, and/or leg (pure motor stroke). Pure motor stroke caused by an infarct in the internal capsule is the most common lacunar syndrome. Upper motor neuron signs include hyperreflexia, Babinski sign, Hoffman present, clonus, spasticity Which thalamic nuclei? cerebellum (dentate nucleus) and basal ganglia --> motor cortex: Definition. ventrolateral nucleus Which type of sensory receptor? burning or dull pain and itch (slow, unmyelinated) Definition. C fibers: What is another name for Wallenberg's Syndrome? Where is the occlusion/damage? Definition. Lateral Medullary. CanadaQBank.com is an online test preparation service for the medical licensing exams of Australia (AMC CAT), Canada (MCCQE), Saudi Arabia (SMLE), United Kingdom (PLAB) and the United States (USMLE). In addition, CanadaQBank offers Android, iOS and Windows mobile applications which allow medical students and physicians to practice the questions.

Free USMLE practice questions are provided by: Kaplan Test Prep.Check out Kaplan USMLE Step 1 Qbank Visit the USMLE forum to talk about these and other USMLE test prep question banks. 31. A patient presents with cervical lymphadenopathy. Biopsy demonstrates a nodular lymphoma with follicle formation •Horner's syndrome •6 th or 7 nerve palsy (diplopia, whole side of face is weak) •Hearing loss (rare) •Loss of pain and temperature sense •Contralateral signs: •Weakness in leg and arm •Loss of sensation in arm and leg •Nystagmus, nause Spinothalamic tract. The spinothalamic tract is an ascending pathway of the spinal cord. Together with the medial lemnicus, it is one of the most important sensory pathways of the nervous system. It is responsible for the transmission of pain, temperature, and crude touch to the somatosensory region of the thalamus This was caused by a lacunar infarct in the ventral posterior tier nuclei of the right thalamus. A few days later she gradually developed an almost identical, but incomplete hemisensory syndrome on the opposite side caused by a corresponding lacune in the left thalamus. Severe persistent and paroxysmal pain on both sides of the body became. Signs of injury to L5 nerve root? weakness in dorsiflexion, toe extension, abduction of thigh, sensory loss over anterior leg, dorsum of foot, digits 1 and 2. Signs of injury to S1 nerve root? weakness in plantar flexion, eversion, hip extension, decreased achilles reflex, sensory loss over posterior leg, digits 3-5

Dejerine Roussy Syndrome Articl

Lateral pontine syndrome. Vomiting, vertigo, nystagmus (damage to vestibular nuclei), paralysis of face, decreased lacrimation, salivation, decreased taste from anterior 2/3 of tongue, decreased corneal reflex, decreased pain and temp sensation from face, ipsilateral hearing loss, ipsilateral Horner's syndrome (Damage to nuclei of CN VII, CV V, CN VIII, and sympathetic fibers) Contributors to Pain Management Report: John Schweitzer, MD, David Dahl, MD, Russ Brown, PhD, Robert Acuff, PhD, Chris Steadman; Lorena Burton . CIS Approval of Pain Management Report Prior to MSEC Presentation: August 15, 2019 . Introduction: Pain continues to be one of the primary reasons patients choose to seek the counsel of a physician.

Thalamic Connections Mnemonic Epomedicin

Ipsilateral pain and temperature loss on the face (spinal V), contralateral pain and temperature loss (spinothalamic tract), vertigo and nystagmus away from lesion (vestibular nuclei), ipsilateral Horner syndrome (descending hypothalamic fibers), ipsilateral paralysis of vocal cords, dysphagia (nucleus ambiguus flaccid paralysis, loss of sensation both legs. Term. ALS. Definition. atrophy, fasciculations both arms and legs. Term. wallenberg syndrome (r. lateral medulla) Definition. loss of pain/temp in left body, paralysis of left side, loss of sensation right lower face USMLE World Notes-6. Sheehan syndrome. Develops due to ischemic necrosis of pituitary gland. Impaired ADH secretion casues full blown Dibetes Insipidus. Shingles. After initial infection with VZV ( chicken pox ) latent infection is establised in the sensory dorsal ganglia Stroke syndromes are divided into: (1) large-vessel stroke within the anterior circulation, (2) large vessel stroke within the posterior circulation. (3) small-vessel disease of either vascular bed. During vivas, you'll mostly be asked to localize the lesion into anterior circulation (ACA vs MCA). They don't expect much, but you should at least. 3. Spinal nucleus of trigeminal nerve damage: Ipsilateral loss of pain and temperature sensation 4. Sympathetic pathway of face: Ipsilateral horner's syndrome Horner's syndrome mnemonics: PAMELa. Partial ptosis (loss of sympathetic supply to Muller's muscle); Anhidrosis (loss of afferent to superior cervical ganglion leading to loss of hemifacial sweating

\ Flashcards for USMLE STEP 1 Neurology. Flashcards for USMLE STEP 1 Neurology. Lisa Currey. 16 October 2020 Central Post-Stroke Pain Syndrome. answer. Neuropathic pain due to THALAMIC LESIONS Initial paresthesia followed in WEEKS TO MONTHS by 1. Allodynia [Ordinarily painless stimuli cause pain] 2

BoardsMD! Crush your USMLE® and Shelf Exams (Videos) BoardsMD® offers 200+ comprehensive video modules that are built to help you crush your USMLE® Step 2 CK and shelf exams Topics Medicine (73 videos) Cardiology Atrial Fibrillation 1 Atrial Fibrillation 2 DVT 1 DVT 2 Heart Block 1 Heart Block 2 Heart Block 3 PACs an nuclei of cranial nerves 3, 4, 6, and 12: Figure 1: Brainstem vasculature and emerging cranial nerves (A) Ventral view of the brainstem, (B) Lateral view of the brainstem. The brainstem is. Dx : Ipsilateral UMN signs, ipsilateral loss of dorsal column signs, contralateral pain and temperature loss, and LMN signs at level of lesion. Brown-Sequard syndrome (hemisection of spinal cord) Landmark dermatomes - vertebral level : Posterior half of skull cap. C2 Can cause purple glove syndrome (PGS) -> swollen purple extremities in patients receiving high-dose phenytoin. Weird, but Google it. Anti-epileptic agents that block Ca 2+ channels. Ethosuximide. MOA of ethosuximide? Blocks thalamic T-type calcium channels. When is ethosuximide the answer on USMLE The thalamic nuclei activate some thalamic interneurons as well as an area in the sensory cortex. Activated sensory cortex also sends impulses back to the thalamic relay nucleus, thereby modulating the thalamic output. In short, the sensory relay nuclei really do not act as simple relays. They process the sensory signal by local intrathalamic.

Thalamic Syndrome - DoveMe

Thalamus (Remember T is for Third/Tertiary and Thalamus) They cross What happens to all the lesions that are unilateral in the Spinal Cord or the Brain Stem? They result in a contralateral loss of pain and temperature Where is the 2nd Neuron located for the Anterolateral (Spinothalamic) System? Dorsal HORN Gray Matte Restless Legs Syndrome. Restless legs syndrome (RLS), also known as Willis-Ekbom disease (WED), is marked by a severe urge to move the legs, and an unpleasant sensation only relieved by movement. Restless legs syndrome occurs after inactivity, especially during the evening and night, and is associated with sleep disturbance the thalamus is a part of diencephalon and has multiple functions. It translates information from all sensory pathways other than Olfaction and selectively distributes those impulses to appropriate parts of the cortex (''relay'' function). The following thalamic nuclei receive input from sensory pathways Sturge-Weber syndrome is a condition that affects the development of certain blood vessels, causing abnormalities in the brain, skin, and eyes from birth. Sturge-Weber syndrome has three major features: a red or pink birthmark called a port-wine birthmark, a brain abnormality called a leptomeningeal angioma, and increased pressure in the eye.

VII. Jugular Foramen (Vernet) Syndrome 177 VIII. Subclavian Steal Syndrome 178 Review Test 179. 13. Diencephalon: Thalamus and Hypothalamus 183. Objectives 183 I. Introduction: The Thalamus 183 II. Boundaries of the Thalamus 183 III. Primary Thalamic Nuclei and their Major Connections 184 IV. Blood Supply of the Thalamus 187 V. Internal Capsule. Syringomyelia Videos, Flashcards, High Yield Notes, & Practice Questions. Syringomyelia is a generic term referring to a disorder in which a cyst or cavity forms within the spinal cord - Osmosis is an efficient, enjoyable, and social way to learn. Sign up for an account today! Don't study it, Osmose it Brown-Séquard syndrome, first described by the physiologist Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard, is a condition associated with hemisection or damage to one half of the spinal cord. The hemisection damages neural tracts in the spinal cord that carry information to and from the brain Brain stem syndromes are ' crossed syndromes ,' usually secondary to ischemic strokes and infarcts. Medial medullary syndrome is frequently caused by occlusion of the ASA or vertebral artery. It is identified by ipsilateral tongue weakness, ipsilateral tongue deviation, and contralateral motor weakness View NEURO NOTES.docx from BIO 5425 at Mississippi College. NEURO NOTES Spinal Cord Most of the time the vertebral will come off subclavian artery (Common). Supplies blood to cervical cord an

FF-USMLE-Neurology and Special Senses Flashcards Quizle

A. Acute coronary syndrome B. Budd-Chiari syndrome C. DiGeorge's syndrome D. ARDS Answer: D NO.20 Athetosis type movements are often identified with a _____ lesion. A. Subthalamic B. Thalamus C. Basal ganglia D. Midbrain Answer: C NO.21 The drug ____ blocks the reuptake of serotonin into presynaptic axons. A. Deprenyl B. Prozac C. Valium D. US Pharm. 2016;41(3)21-23.. Pain experienced after a stroke is one of the most challenging consequences following this life-changing event. A syndrome known as central post-stroke pain (CPSP) is a central neuropathic pain condition characterized by pain and sensory abnormalities that manifest in the body parts that correspond to the area of the brain that has been injured by the. From the official 2013-14 Step 1 Content Description and General Information booklet (archived here), I've listed the correct answer for each question with a brief explanation ± take home points. I can't reproduce the questions themselves of course as they're copyrighted. The newest set of official questions (2014-2015) has been released Paget's Disease Abnormal bone architecture (thickened, numerous fractures ® pain) Pancoast Tumor Bronchogenic tumor with superior sulcus involvement ® Horner's Syndrome Parkinson's Dopamine depletion in nigrostriatal tracts Peutz-Jegher's Syndrome (AD) Melanin pigmentation of lips, mouth, hand, genitalia + hamartomatous polyps of.

Very useful mnemonics. Aphthous ulcers, Pyoderma gangrenosum, Iritis, Erythema nodosum, Sclerosing cholangitis, Arthritis, clubbing. Which I. B. D. has C-obblestones on endoscopy - C-rohn's. If QRS complex is wide, consider bundle branch block. LBBB causes a W pattern in V1-2 and a M pattern in V5-6 A. Brown-Sequard syndrome B. Thoracic outlet syndrome C. Angelman's syndrome D. Goodpasture's syndrome Answer: D IT Certification Guaranteed, The Easy Way! 4 Instant Download - Best Exam Practice Material - 100% Money Back Guarantee! Get Latest & Valid USMLE Exam's Question and Answers from Torrentexam.com. Locked-in syndrome is a rare neurological disorder in which there is complete paralysis of all voluntary muscles except for the ones that control the movements of the eyes. Individuals with locked-in syndrome are conscious and awake, but have no ability to produce movements (outside of eye movement) or to speak (aphonia) EXEPT : THALAMUS . Characteristic features of spasticity - the muscle tone is increased *** FLEXORS ARMS, EXTENSOR LEG . Which of the following speech disturbance would be expected in a damage to the cerebellum *** SCANING SPEECH . structures are sensitive to pain : *** PERIOSTEUM, BLOOD VESSELS, MUSCLES CERVICA

Circle of Willis - Neurology - Medbullets Step

Great for USMLE Step 1 - COMLEX - NBDE - NCLEX - PANCE exams. DR. NAJEEB LECTURES. World's Most Popular Medical Lectures. Trusted by 80% of Medical, Dentistry, Nursing & Pharmacy students. Master Medical Sciences with crystal clear concepts. All our videos contain hand-drawn illustrations. We have 800+ videos on Gross Anatomy. Passing the USMLE Clinical Knowledge. Prajwal Kc. 1. Supra-optic nucleus: Releases Anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) which acts on intercalated cells of the kidneys via V2 receptors, and on blood vessels via V1. Paraventricular nucleus: Releases oxytocin,which stimulates the contraction of the uterus, and muscles surrounding the mammary glands' acini. BRS Neuroanatomy PDF 6th Edition is a concise evaluation of medical human neuroanatomy for course and licensing exams, together with the USMLE, and options greater than 600 board-style evaluation questions with explanations.This version additionally consists of new full-color art work and design components, up to date medical correlations, a glossary of over 200 key phrases, and an appendix of.

Hyperalgesia to mechanical stimuli is a hallmark symptom of certain chronic pain syndromes such as causalgia and reflex sympathetic dystrophy, as well as postherpetic neuralgia and metabolic neuropathies (e.g. diabetes mellitus) [147, 148 ]. Light touching of the skin causes pronounced pain in patients with these syndromes COMPREHENSIVE MEDICAL REFERENCE & REVIEW FOR MCCQE AND USMLE II. rahaf tabbaa. Staporn Kasemsripitak. Sameh Raouf. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 26 Full PDFs related to this paper. Read Paper NO.1 The respiratory center is located in the ____ and _____. A. Pons and Medulla oblongata B. Pons and Hypothalamus C. Midbrain and pons D. Midbrain and Medulla oblongata Answer: A NO.2 Which of the following is not considered a component of kidney stones? A. HCO3 B. Uric Acid C. Calcium phosphate D. Calcium oxalate Answer: A NO.3 Excessive polarization due to GABA is created due to the. Weber's syndrome is the most common midbrain lesion (Figure 16-3). Chapter 17: Figure 17-1 shows everything you need to know about what goes in and what comes out of the thalamus. Know the anatomy of the internal capsule; it will be on the examination. What is the blood supply of the internal capsule (stroke) Spinal tract responsible for: pain, temperature, crude touch, pressure Spinal tract responsible for: voluntary movement of contralateral limbs Either of the two diseases that cause degeneration of the anterior horn

It conducts the tactile, pressure, pain and thermal impulses to the ventral posterolateral nucleus of thalamus 2) Lateral lemniscus: formed by the fibers from the ipsilateral and controlateral cochlear nuclei; some of fibers end in the inferior colliculus, others traverse the brachium of inferior colliculus to the nucleus of medial geniculate bod 2.Sensory findings in PCA infarct. Some alteration of sensation are also observed in PCA infarct. They are paresthesiae, or altered position, pain, and temperature sensations. Sensors findings are due to thalamic ischemia as a result of occlusion of the precommunal or proximal postcommnual segments of the PCA

for USMLE Step One Benjamin Tanenbaum UMass Class of 2021 www.12daysinmarch.com email: Howard@12daysinmarch.com Thalamus 3) Subthalamic nucleus (STN) 4) Thalamus + STN Artery of Adamkiewicz 1) AICA 2) PICA Man in the Barrel Syndrome ACA MCA hypoperfusion. Roadmap (Strokes for the Boards) Lacunar Brainstem Spinal Cord Somatic pain is constant and involves superficial injuries. Visceral pain is vague and often feels like a deep squeeze, pressure, or aching. Learn more

Patients present with sudden chest pain, which is usually severe and tearing in nature. The chronic hypertension causes a cystic medial necrosis, allowing the separation of vessel layers. Marfan's syndrome, an autosomal dominant connective tissue disorder (choice C) is also associated with dissecting aneurysms, usually of the ascending aorta Split-brain syndrome, also called callosal disconnection syndrome, condition characterized by a cluster of neurological abnormalities arising from the partial or complete severing or lesioning of the corpus callosum, the bundle of nerves that connects the right and left hemispheres of the brain.. Although it is not fully understood whether the processing of specific tasks is dependent on both. USMLE Pathognomics is a HY Review for Step 1!.. View Test Prep - High Yield Neuro Shelf Topics_2 from MEDICINE finals at Windsor SOM. VA and VL are motor thalamic nuclei VPL is for body sensation (protpathics and epicritics) Pic of ventricula

The ascending tracts refer to the neural pathways by which sensory information from the peripheral nerves is transmitted to the cerebral cortex.In some texts, ascending tracts are also known as somatosensory pathways or systems. Functionally, the ascending tracts can be divided into the type of information they transmit - conscious or unconscious Clinical Vignettes for the USMLE Step 1. Questions 5-33 through 5-34 An individual is admitted to the emergency room and is diagnosed as having cortical damage and resultant neuronal degeneration due to an ischemic insult. The neurologist concluded that the brain damage involved neurotoxicity of those cells. 5-33

GREATER TROCHANTERIC PAIN SYNDROME :CUASES&TREATMENT

Aippg .com USMLE Downloads.Wallenberg syndrome infarction in posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), lateral medulla 1. lesion in nucleus ambiguus, difficulty inWarburg effect swallowing and hoarseness, loss of gag reflex 2. vestibular nucleus, dizziness and nystagmus 3. trigeminal, loss of pain and temperature on inpsilateral 4. inferior. Clinical Review for the USMLE Step 1 EDITORS Sapan S. Desai, M.D., Ph.D. Assistant Professor Department of Surgery Duke University Medical Center Durham, North Carolin Central pain syndrome Genetic and Rare Diseases . Rarediseases.info.nih.gov DA: 25 PA: 32 MOZ Rank: 64. Central pain syndrome (CPS) is a rare neurological disorder caused by damage to or dysfunction of the pain-conducting pathways of the central nervous system (in the brain, brainstem, and spinal cord); Symptoms of CPS can vary greatly from one person to another, partly because the cause may.

Pain management - AMBOS

Applicants will be contacted via Thalamus if selected for an interview. Interview dates and times are granted on a first come, first served basis. Approximately 35-40 applicants are scheduled to interview per day during our twice-daily sessions. Interview dates fill quickly, so please apply early Pain and reduced mobility in complex regional pain syndrome I: outcome of a prospective randomised controlled clinical trial of adjuvant physical therapy versus occupational therapy. Pain . 1999. Nutcracker syndrome / Ratio of peak velocities Cho BS et al. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2001 ; 16 : 1620 - 1625. Peak velocit..

Thalamic stroke vs pure sensory lacunar stroke - USMLE Foru

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Beantown Physio | PT Tip of the Month Archive | McConnellMyofascial Pain SyndromeComplex regional pain syndrome - wikidocPatellofemoral taping: Pain relief mechanisms | LowerComplex regional pain syndrome | The BMJPelvic Congestion Syndrome -Ultrasound exam, risk factors